Conrad Rizal, Ph.D.


President and Chief Executive Officer Seed NanoTech International Inc., ON, Canada.



Dr. Conrad Rizal, currently serving as the Director of Seed NanoTech International Incorporated, is a renowned figure in the field of nanotechnology, leading the company’s research and development in nanomagnets, nanomaterials, magneto-optics, nanophononics, and sensors. His academic credentials include a Master of Science and a Doctor of Engineering from the Muroran Institute of Technology in Japan, and a Doctor of Philosophy from the University of British Columbia in Canada. His exceptional contributions have been recognized with fellowships and awards from Nepal, Japan, the United States, and Canada. His professional journey spans senior positions at universities and private companies in Japan, the United States, Qatar, and Canada. A prolific scholar, Dr. Rizal has published approximately 75 academic papers, holds numerous international patents, and has authored and edited a substantial number of review articles, perspectives, and books. He also serves as a guest editor for several international publications and as an associate editor for magazines and IEEE Access. As a Chartered Electrical Engineer from the IET, United Kingdom, and a senior member of IEEE Incorporated, Dr. Rizal’s contributions to the scientific community are widely respected.

Professional Profile

An eminent scientist and researcher in Silicon nano-photonics, nano-electronics, magneto-optics, and related fields of applied science and engineering. Current research is centred on the creation of novel biocompatible nanostructures with enhanced magneto-optical properties and a new magneto-optical configuration that integrates intelligent nano-magnetics, magneto-optics, and nano-photonic nanostructures. There are numerous academic, research, and applied science faculty fellowships and awards. These include 2008-2009: Recognized for volunteer efforts to enhance the undergraduate experience at the University of British Columbia; 2012: Awarded a Natural Sciences of Engineering and Research Council of Canada (NSERC) Industry R&D Fellowship by the Canadian government; 2013: Awarded the Gold medal by the chief and president of Nepal for contributions to innovative science on a national and international scale.

Dr. Rizal is a recipient of the Mitacs ElevateNSERC Postdoctoral Fellowship including NSERC Industrial and many other merit-based fellowship in previous years.  These fellowships are awarded solely based on extremely competitive proposals, as well as academic and extracurricular accomplishments. He is an Editorial Board Member of Frontiers of Science, an Associate Editor of the Journal of Nanomedicine Research, an Advisory Board Member and a Reviewer for Electronics and Physics High Impact Journals, and an Associate Editor of IEEE Access since 2018. Editor/Associate Editor of numerous peer-reviewed journals. Journal of Nano Biomedicine, Journal of Applied Physics, IEEE Magnetics, Institute of Physics, IOP, American Applied Physics Society D, International Journal of Math and Science, Journal of Nano- and Electron Physics, Springer Optical Communications, MDPI magneto-chemistry, and MDPI Photonics.

The following are some of the examples of scholastic achievements by Dr. Rizal: Wrote ten research proposals, seven in Canada, two in Japan, and one in the United States, of which nine were funded by various government grants, fellowships, etc. He has published over 100 peer-reviewed papers, conference proceedings and digests in high-impact journals and delivered talks at national and international conferences, as well as institutions of higher education worldwide. Dr. Conrad Rizal is a conference chair of the ICAPMOT conference series which is successfully held annually in Canada and abroad – a great international event to connect with scientists and business persons from around the globe. Between 2016 and 2018, Dr. Rizal also served as an invited visiting research scientist position extended by then Prof. Howard Lee (Current professor at the University of California, Irvine, California) at Baylor University, Waco, Texas, the United States and contributed significantly to the work of the team there on plasmonics and sensors. 


Bionanomagnetism, Nanophotonics, Nanoelectronics, Nanoplasmonics, Magnetoplasmonics, Bionanophotonics, Bionanoplasmonics, Biophysics, Magnetic Anisotropy, Magnetoresistance, Pulsed-pcurrent Deposition, Ultra-high vacuum systems, Biosensors, Point-of-care Testing!



  • 2019 – Present: Principal Research Scientist, Seed NanoTech International Inc, Ontario, Canada
  • 2019 – Present: MITACS Canada as a Global Link Advisor/Mentor, York University, Toronto, Canada
  • 2016/09 – 2019/04: Research Scientist and Product Developer at GEM Systems Inc. (A Leader in Magnetometers), Markham, ON, Canada.
  • 2016/10 – 2018/09: MITACS Elevate Research Fellow at York University, Toronto, Canada under joint research project and funding.
  • 2012/06 – Present: Educator in colleges & universities across Canada and the USA. Have taught several undergraduate courses and run lab demonstrations in electrical, electronic, material science, and computer engineering.
  • 2016/06 – 2016/09: Visiting Research Scientist, Department of Physics, Baylor University, Waco, Texas, USA. In this position, managed newly purchased rf-Sputtering device, designed computer-controlled experiments, carried out computer simulations using FDTD tool, performed engineering design of optical devices,
  • 2014/6 – 2016/4: NSERC Postdoc Research Fellow in UC San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. Led four research projects on meta-materials, magnetic alloys and nanoparticles, magnetic multilayers on microstructure and data fitting.
  • 2012/6 – 2014/5: Postdoc Research Fellow at the University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada. Led three research projects on highly sensitive biosensors.
  • 2006/9 – 2012/5: Led four research projects on magnetic and ultra-fast optical sensors, optical switches, and ultra-fast modulators,
  • 2006 /9 – 2010/12: As a Teaching Assistant at the University of British Columbia, Canada, taught laboratory-based courses in electronic engineering materials and electronic circuits for over three years. Delivered lab tutorials, provided mentoring and academic tutoring, and offered additional support for at-risk students.

Top Accomplishments

  • Passionate about leveraging technology for commercial success.
  • Various technical (solved technical problems) and commercial background (making a profit for the company)
  • Ph.D. with a specialization in photonics in Canada & Dr. Eng with a specialization in nanoelectronics in Japan.
  • 12+ years’ experience in design & modelling of magneto-optics & photonic integrated components & devices using commercially available software.
  • 10+ years’ experience in nanofabrication and clean-room activity in advanced laboratories in Japan, the USA and Canada.



2022-2023: Algonquin College – Ottawa Campus, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Postgraduate Diploma (Human Resources Management), (School of Business) Algonquin College, Canada. 2023 (GPA: A)


2006-2012: The University of British Columbia (UBC): Vancouver, BC, Canada. Ph.D. (Electrical and Computer Engineering), University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. 2012. (GPA: 3.7/4.0)

1999-2004Muroran Institute of Technology (MIT): Muroran, Hokkaido, Japan. MSc/DEng (Electrical and Electronic Engineering), Muroran Inst. of Technology, Muroran, Hokkaido, Japan. (GPA: 4.0/4.0)


1988-1993: University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) 
BSc (Electrical and Electronic Engineering), Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh. (3.62/4.0)

1986-1988: Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu Kathmandu, Nepal.
Intermediate in Science  (Physical Group), Amrit Science College, Kathmandu, Nepal. First Class (A+)


Giant Magnetoresistance and Magnetic Anisotropy Properties of Cobalt-based Hybrid Nanostructures. Ph.D. Thesis. UBC Faculty of Applied Science, British Columbia, Canada. April 2012. 131 pages.

Magnetotransport Properties of Co/Au Multilayers.
MSc. / Dr. Eng. Thesis. MIT Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Hokkaido, Japan. March 2001. 90 pages.

Design & Construction of a Control Panel for a 150 kVA Testing-Xformer.
BSc Thesis. BUET Electronic Engineering, Dhaka, Bangladesh. October 1993. 60 pages. 



  1. 2023: Conrad Rizal and Asashi Tomitaka, Magnetoplasmonics: Fundamental & Applications, Elsevier Science (In Preparation) (2023)
  2. 2018: Conrad Rizal, Ferromagnetic Hybrid Nanostructure for Potential Clinical Applications (Theory, Design, Fabrication, Measurement, Data Analysis, & Characterization). Lambert Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG, Saarbrücken, Germany. 183 pages (2018). ISBN: 978-613-9-85282-6


Seed NanoTech International Inc.: Brampton, ON, Canada
2016-11-22 to present | Managing Director & Principal Investigator (R&D)

GEM Systems Inc.: Markham, Ontario, Canada
2016-10-01 to present | Research Scientist & Optical Engineer (R & D)

York University: Toronto, ON, Canada
2016-10-01 to 2018-09-01 | Researcher (Electrical Engineering and Computer Science)

University of California San Diego: La Jolla, California, USA
2014-06-06 to 2016-06-05 | Postdoctoral Researcher (Center for Magnetic Recording Research)

University of Victoria: Victoria, BC, Canada
2012-09-02 to 2014-05-31 | Postdoc Fellow (Faculty of Applied Science)

Venues Electrical Training and Construction Est. Doha, Qatar
1996-06-01 to 1997-07-01 | Electrical and Electronic Engineer


Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam
2022-09-6, Guest Lecturer & Visiting Research Professor (Photonics)

Baylor University: Waco, TX, USA
2016-06-01 to 2016-10-31 | Visiting Research Scientist (Applied Physics)


World Biosensor Congress, Florida, USA. (June 11-14, 2018)
Russian Quantum Center, Moscow, Russia (May 21-29, 2017)
Texas A&M University, USA with Prof. Howard Lee. (July 14, 2016)
Manufacturing & Trade-show Conference, Ohio, USA. (June 9, 2014)
Sur/Fin Conference, Chicago, USA (May 20, 2013)
Applied Magnetic Material Conference, Pori, Finland, (Oct. 3, 2012)

Mask Layout

  • Experienced with mask layout and verification tools using DW-2000® for advanced optical structures and devices.
  • Created mask layouts of many nanophotonic circuits that obey constraints imposed by the fabrication process (i.e., design rules).
  • Have used a 12.1 x 7.4 mm mask layout that consisted of IMEC’s “fxt3 FC 630” template with a predefined vertical fibre coupler.

Wafer Fabrication

  • Have obtained Si and SiO2 wafers from commercial vendors, considering the cost and quality benefits, and tested the quality for accuracy and defects, before using them for device fabrication.
  • 5+ years of experience in fabricating high-quality buffer layers and wafers (thin nanometer-scale metals and oxide layers) in advanced cleanroom facilities in Canada, the USA, and Japan

Fabrication & Manufacturing Team Synergy

  • Experienced in working with a team of engineers, students, and staff (dedicated to fabricating and manufacturing high-quality, industrial standard magnetic and optical devices in the cleanroom setting.)
  • Have participated in the European silicon photonics collaboration, and ePIXfab training by taking part in the discussions around design and process flow requirements, and modifications, as needed.

Design & Modelling

  • Solid experience in modelling optical circuits: analytically & numerically
  • Worked with industry-standard design and simulation/modelling tools, e.g., 2D/3D FDTD, 2D/3D Beam Prop, MATLAB for numerical modelling, LABVIEW, DW-2000, COMSOL Multiphysics
  • Designed/modelled and fabricated Si-photonic-based devices: compact 3-dB couplers, phase shifters, tapers, and thermo-optic heaters, including test structures, leading to multipurpose MZI-based optical devices in SOI technology.
  • Modelled/designed, characterized and fabricated multipurpose MMI-based integrated optical devices in SOI technology.
    • Modelled/designed optical components such as gratings for fibre coupling, and ring resonators/filters.
  • Modelled/designed advanced magneto-optic materials using FDTD® and COMSOL Multiphysics ®, CAD tools and Winspal software.

DFX, SPC, Design For Reliability

  • 3+ years’ experience in Si photonic waveguide-based passive components as compact 3-dB couplers, phase shifters, tapers, MZI-based optical devices (thermal sensors, optical switches, and biosensors), MMI-based integrated optical devices
    (dual digital optical switches, etc.), gratings for fibre coupling, and ring resonators/filters) in SOI technology.
  • Experience in fabricating and processing metals, semiconductors, plastics
    substrates, buffer layers, and Si and SiO2 wafers in the University cleanroom facilities. These skills can be directly transferred to fabricate high-quality Si and SiO2 wafers in different diameters and thicknesses.
  • Solid experience using commercial software packages with photonic modelling and CAD tools such as Design Workshop Technologies DW-2000 Layout and verification tool.
  • Additionally, the open source 2D Finite Difference Optical Eigenmode Solver for dielectric waveguides.
    • Experience in the industry-standard modelling, designing/fabricating of magnetic, magneto-optical, and optical devices, including DRC-clean layout, DFX &statistical process control, DFT, and reliability.


Magneto-Optics Effects: New Trends and Future Prospects for Technological Developments
2022-08-24 | Journal article
DOI: 10.3390/magnetochemistry8090094
CONTRIBUTORS: Conrad Rizal; Hiromasa Shimizu; Jorge Ricardo Mejía-Salazar

Tunable and Sensitive Detection of Cortisol Using Anisotropic Phosphorene with a Surface Plasmon Resonance Technique: Numerical Investigation
2022-03-07 | Journal article
DOI: 10.3390/magnetochemistry8030031
CONTRIBUTORS: Vipin Kumar Verma; Sarika Pal; Conrad Rizal; Yogendra Kumar Prajapati

Magnetophotonics for sensing and magnetometry toward industrial applications.
Journal of Applied Physics
2021-12-21 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1063/5.0072884
CONTRIBUTORS: Conrad Rizal; Maria Grazia Manera; Daria O. Ignatyeva; Jorge R. Mejía-Salazar; Roberto Rella; Vladimir I. Belotelov; Francesco Pineider; Nicolò Maccaferri

Magneto-Optic-Plasmonic Sensors with Improved Performance
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics
2021-02 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2020.3012468

Comparison of the effects of surface plasmon resonance and the transverse magneto-optic Kerr effect in magneto-optic plasmonic nanostructures
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics
2020-01-09 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/ab4ec0
CONTRIBUTORS: Conrad Rizal; Pavel O Kapralov; Daria Ignatyeva; Vladimir Belotelov; Simone Pisana

Sensitivity comparison of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and magneto optic SPR biosensors
The European Physical Journal Plus
2019-09 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1140/epjp/i2019-12819-3
CONTRIBUTORS: Conrad Rizal; Vladimir Belotelov

Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) to Magneto-Optic SPR
Condensed Matter
2019-05-27 | Journal article
DOI: 10.3390/condmat4020050
CONTRIBUTORS: Conrad Rizal; Vladimir Belotelov; Daria Ignatyeva; Anatoly K. Zvezdin; Simone Pisana

Improved Transition Metal Dichalcogenides-Based Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensors
Condensed Matter
2019-05-22 | Journal article
DOI: 10.3390/condmat4020049
CONTRIBUTORS: Mohammad Hasibul Hasan Hasib; Jannati Nabiha Nur; Conrad Rizal; Kamrun Nahar Shushama

Design of a 2 × 4 Hybrid MMI-MZI Configuration with MMI Phase-Shifters
2019-05-12 | Journal article
DOI: 10.3390/ma12091555
CONTRIBUTORS: Boris B. Niraula; Conrad Rizal

2×4 Hybrid MZI-MMI Configuration with MMI Phase-shifters as a High-speed Optical Switch with Low Power Consumption
Working paper
DOI: 10.20944/preprints201901. 0148.v1

Magneto-Optic Surface Plasmon Resonance Ti/Au/Co/Au/Pc Configuration and Sensitivity
MDPI Magnetochemistry
2018 | Journal article
DOI: http://10.20944/preprints201807.0587.v1

Microstructure, Surface Plasmon, Magneto-Optic Surface Plasmon, and Sensitivity Properties of Magneto-Plasmonic Co/Au Multilayers
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics
2018-10 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2018.2854663

Photoluminescence Property of Eu3+ doped CaSiO3 Nanophosphor with Controlled Grain Size
Colloids and Interfaces
2018-10-28 | Journal article
DOI: 10.3390/colloids2040052
CONTRIBUTORS: Boris Niraula; Conrad Rizal

Magneto-Optic Surface Plasmon Resonance Ti/Au/Co/Au/Pc Configuration and Sensitivity
2018-08-17 | Journal article
DOI: 10.3390/magnetochemistry4030035

Improved Magneto-Optic Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensors
2018-06 | Journal article
DOI: 10.3390/photonics5030015

Microstructure and magneto-optical surface plasmon resonance of Co/Au multilayers
Journal of Physics Communications
2018-05-10 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1088/2399-6528/aac0e0
CONTRIBUTORS: Conrad Rizal; Simone Pisana; Ivan Hrvoic; Eric E Fullerton

Photoluminescence Property of Eu<sup>3+</sup> Doped CaSiO<sub>3</sub> Nanophosphor with Controlled Grain Size
Working paper
DOI: 10.20944/preprints201809. 0376.v1

Optics Communications
2017-10 | Journal article

Perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and microstructure properties of nanoscale Co/Au multilayers
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics
2017-09-06 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/aa7c5b
CONTRIBUTORS: C Rizal; E E Fullerton

Nanoscale Silicon Waveguide Based Thermo-Optic Sensor Using a Compact Mach-Zehnder Interferometer
2016-08 | Journal article
DOI: 10.20944/preprints201608. 0151.v1
CONTRIBUTORS: Conrad Rizal; Boris Niraula

Ferromagnetic Multilayers: Magnetoresistance, Magnetic Anisotropy, and Beyond
2016-04-16 | Journal article
DOI: 10.3390/magnetochemistry2020022
CONTRIBUTORS: Conrad Rizal; Belaid Moa; Boris Niraula

Bio-Magnetoplasmonics, Emerging Biomedical Technologies and Beyond
Journal of Nanomedicine Research
2016-04-01 | Journal article
DOI: 10.15406/jnmr.2016.03.00059

Effects of Annealing on Magnetization and Nanostructures of Cobalt-Gold
International Conference on Computer and Electrical Engineering 4th (ICCEE 2011)
DOI: 10.1115/1. 859841.paper67
CONTRIBUTORS: Conrad Rizal; Yuji Ueda

Ferromagnetic alloys: Magnetoresistance, microstructure, magnetism, and beyond (review)
Journal of Nano- and Electronic Physics
2015 | Journal article
EID: 2-s2.0-84959344022
CONTRIBUTORS: Rizal, C.; Niraula, B.B.

Magnetic anisotropy and magnetoresistance properties of Co/Au multilayers
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics
2015 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2014.2352932
EID: 2-s2.0-84930206079
CONTRIBUTORS: Rizal, C.; Moa, B.; Wingert, J.; Shpyrko, O.G.

Controlling physical properties of Fe-Co nanostructures using pulsed-current electrodeposition for potential biomedical applications
National Association for Surface Finishing Annual Conference and Trade Show, SUR/FIN 2013
2013 | Conference paper
EID: 2-s2.0-84888112708

Magnetic properties of nanostructured Fe-Co alloys
Journal of Applied Physics
2013 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1063/1.4795267
WOSUID: WOS:000316545200039
CONTRIBUTORS: Rizal, C.; Kolthammer, J.; Pokharel, R. K.; Choi, B. C.

Magnetic properties of Fe/Cu multilayers prepared using pulsed-current electrodeposition.
Journal of Nano- and Electronic Physics
2012 | Journal article
EID: 2-s2.0-84865169856
CONTRIBUTORS: Rizal, C.; Ueda, Y.; Karki, B.R.

Strain-induced magnetoresistance and magnetic anisotropy properties of Co/Cu multilayers
Journal of Applied Physics
2012 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1063/1.3671788
WOSUID: WOS:000303282401003
CONTRIBUTORS: Rizal, C.; Gyawali, P.; Kshattry, I.; Pokharel, R. K.

Effect of strain on magnetoresistance and magnetic properties of Co (t <inf>Co</inf>)/Ag nanostructures
2011 IEEE Nanotechnology Materials and Devices Conference, NMDC 2011
2011 | Conference paper
DOI: 10.1109/NMDC.2011.6155324
EID: 2-s2.0-84860463048
CONTRIBUTORS: Rizal, C.; Gyawali, P.; Kshattry, I.; Ueda, Y.; Pokharel, R.K.

Fourth International Conference on Computer and Electrical Engineering (Iccee 2011)
2011 | Journal article
WOSUID: WOS:000320199600067
CONTRIBUTORS: Rizal, Conrad; Ueda, Yuji; ASME

Magnetotransport Properties of Co-Au Granular Alloys
International Journal of Applied Physics and Mathematics
2011 | Journal article
DOI: 10.7763/ijapm. 2011.v1.31
CONTRIBUTORS: Conrad Rizal; Yuji Ueda; Ramesh K. Pokharel

Magnetoresistance and Magnetic Properties of Co(tCo)/Cu Multilayer Films
Ieee Transactions on Magnetics
2010 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2010.2044761
WOSUID: WOS:000278037800290

Magnetoresistance effect and magnetic properties of strain induced Co/Cu multilayer films.
INEC 2010 – 2010 3rd International Nanoelectronics Conference, Proceedings
2010 | Conference paper
DOI: 10.1109/INEC.2010.5425119
EID: 2-s2.0-77951660072
CONTRIBUTORS: Rizal, C.; Ueda, Y.

Magnetoresistance and Magnetic Anisotropy Properties of Strain-Induced Co/Ag Multilayer Films
Ieee Transactions on Magnetics
2009 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2009.2018588
WOSUID: WOS:000266329800013
CONTRIBUTORS: Rizal, C. S.; Ueda, Y.

Effect of strain on the magnetotransport properties of Co/Ag multilayer films grown by pulse electrochemical deposition
Plating and Surface Finishing
2008 | Other
EID: 2-s2.0-78449268953
CONTRIBUTORS: Rizal, C.S.; Ishida, K.; Yamada, A.; Ueda, Y.

Effect of strain on the magnetotransport properties of Co/Ag multilayer films grown by pulse electrochemical deposition
Annual International Technical Conference of the National Association for Surface Finishing, SUR/FIN 2007
2007 | Conference paper
EID: 2-s2.0-84878417733
CONTRIBUTORS: Rizal, C.S.; Ishida, K.; Yamada, A.; Ueda, Y.

Study of magnetic anisotropy and magnetoresistance effects in ferromagnetic Co/Au multilayer films prepared by oblique incidence evaporation method.
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
2007 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmmm.2006.10.591
WOSUID: WOS:000247720400344

Electric properties of composition modulated Ni-Co-Cu particle and multilayer films produced by pulse control electrochemical deposition method.
National Association for Surface Finishing Annual Technical Conference 2006, SUR/FIN 2006
2006 | Conference paper
EID: 2-s2.0-84878414396

Magnetoresistance effect, Magnetism, and Microstructure in Co-Au Granular Alloy Films Produced by Pulsed Electrochemical deposition
National Association for Surface Finishing Annual Technical Conference 2006, SUR/FIN 2006
2006 | Conference paper
EID: 2-s2.0-84878416786

Magnetotransport studies in Co/Cu and Ag nano-structure films prepared by pulse electrochemical deposition.
National Association for Surface Finishing Annual Technical Conference 2005, SUR/FIN 2005
2005 | Conference paper
EID: 2-s2.0-84878364981

Magnetic properties and magnetoresistance effect in Co/Au, Ag nano-structure films produced by pulse electrodeposition.
Physica Status Solidi C: Magnetic and Superconducting Materials, Proceedings
2004 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1002/pssc.200304415
WOSUID: WOS:000222989400039
CONTRIBUTORS: Rizal, CLS; Yamada, A; Hori, Y; Ishida, S; Matsuda, M; Ueda, Y; Stutzmann, M

Magnetoresistance effect and magnetoanisotropy of Co/Cu multilayered films prepared by electron beam evaporation.
Physica Status Solidi C: Magnetic and Superconducting Materials, Proceedings
2004 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1002/pssc.200304416
WOSUID: WOS:000222989400038
CONTRIBUTORS: Ueda, Y; Adachi, H; Takakura, W; Rizal, CLS; Chikazawa, S; Stutzmann, M

Electric and magnetic properties of Fe-Ni based particle and multilayer films produced by pulse control electrodeposition method.
Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
2002 | Journal article
WOSUID: WOS:000178454200004
CONTRIBUTORS: Yamada, A; Shirota, M; Rizal, CLS; Houga, T; Ueda, Y

Electric and magnetic properties of Fe-Ni based particle and multilayer films produced by pulse control electrodeposition method.
Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
2002 | Journal article
DOI: 10.2320/jinstmet1952.66.9_869
EID: 2-s2.0-0036762226
CONTRIBUTORS: Yamada, A.; Shirota, M.; Rizal, C.L.S.; Houga, T.; Ueda, Y.

Electric resistivity and magneto anisotropy in Fe/Si evaporated multilayers
Physical Status Solidi (A) Applied Research
2002 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1002/1521-396X (200202)189:3&lt;753::AID-PSSA753&gt;3.0.CO;2-7
EID: 2-s2.0-0036465004
CONTRIBUTORS: Yamada, A.; Takakura, W.; Ikeda, S.; Ueda, Y.

Electrical resistivity and magnetism of Fe/Si multilayers prepared by oblique incidence evaporation.
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
2002 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1016/S0304-8853(01)00616-3
EID: 2-s2.0-0036465299
CONTRIBUTORS: Ueda, Y.; Takakura, W.; Yamada, A.

Magnetism and magnetoresistance of Co/Cu multilayer films produced by pulse control electrodeposition method.
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
2002 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1016/S0304-8853(01)00569-8
EID: 2-s2.0-0036465337
CONTRIBUTORS: Yamada, A.; Houga, T.; Ueda, Y.

Magnetization and magnetoresistance of Fe3O4 prepared by ball milling method
Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
2001 | Journal article
EID: 2-s2.0-0035168188
CONTRIBUTORS: Takakura, W.; Matsui, M.; Yamada, A.; Ueda, Y.

Resistivity and magnetism of Co/Cu films produced by computer-controlled pulse electrodeposition
Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
2000 | Journal article
EID: 2-s2.0-0033659028
CONTRIBUTORS: Houga, T.; Yamada, A.; Ueda, Y.

Magnetoresistance Effect of Co-Cu Nanostructure Prepared by Electrodeposition Method
Journal of Solid-State Chemistry
1999 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1006/jssc.1999.8271; EID: 2-s2.0-0000575289
CONTRIBUTORS: Ueda, Y.; Houga, T.; Zaman, H.; Yamada, A.

Magnetoresistance effect in Co-Ag and Co-Cu alloy films prepared by electrodeposition
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
1998 | Journal article
EID: 2-s2.0-0031996582
CONTRIBUTORS: Zaman, H.; Yamada, A.; Fukuda, H.; Ueda, Y.

Magnetic properties and magnetoresistance of Fe/Cr multilayer films prepared by vapor deposition and electrodeposition.
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
1996 | Journal article
DOI: 10.1016/0304-8853(95)00895-0
EID: 2-s2.0-0030123091
CONTRIBUTORS: Ueda, Y.; Ikeda, S.; Hama, S.; Yamada, A.

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